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Mayotte > Guide > Discover Mayotte > A young, multicultural, and growing Muslim population

A young, multicultural, and growing Muslim population

Une population jeune

The first population Mayotte back in the ninth century, a period of Arab conquests in the Indian Ocean and their commercial activities. A succession of migrant South Arabs, protomalgaches original Malayo-Polynesian matrilineal in character (see box), then populations of Arab-Persian-Bantu from the north-east coast of Africa.

In the twelfth century, Sunni Islam chéféite requires Patrilineal: the period shirazienne. Around 1600, comes a population of Africa via Madagascar, with its maternity: the world Shirazi (language: Chimaoré) and the world Malagasy (language: Shibushi) meet. Each cultural group will continue in its traditional environment influence each other. The Comoros archipelago is organized into sultanates.

Mahoran population today is following a hybrid between populations of Bantu origin and the various waves of immigration, mainly Madagascar. In 1978, the population of Mayotte is 46 965 inhabitants. In 2002 it is 160 265 inhabitants. A new population census was conducted in July and August 2007: at the time we publish this page, the results are not yet known but the population of Mayotte today may well exceed 190 000.

The island is characterized by a high density of 430 inhabitants per km ² (in 2002) against 107 for the whole of France! The population is increasingly concentrated around an urban center, Mamoudzou, head of the island where more than 45 000 inhabitants (28% of the total population).

The high birth rate (even if the number of children per woman declined from 8 in the 70 to 4.2) and immigration, mostly illegal, from the nearby Comoros islands very poor (especially in Anjouan, located 70 km from Mayotte), are the cause of this growth very important.

Mahoran population is young: 56% of the total population under 20, the highest percentage of all french territories. This population is marked by the tragedy of illegal immigration: an inhabitant of Mayotte in three is an illegal alien, or at least 50 000 people. The rejection of Comorian immigrants by a large part of Mahorais is becoming more pronounced, even if Mahoran many families have members of their families come from other islands. We must not forget the fact that the four islands of the Comoros archipelago - Grand Comore, Anjouan, Moheli and Mayotte - were all part of a unique combination: a French colony from 1912 to 1946, then Territory of Overseas until 1975. Following a referendum on 22 December 1974, Mayotte decided to be French while the other three islands chose independence.
Moderate Islam - Law and customary law

Islam, based in Mayotte since the fifteenth century, occupies a major place in the organization of society. 95% of Mahorais adherents are Muslim and Sunni rite, but it is a moderate and tolerant Islam.

Customary law based on Islamic law and customs of African and Malagasy applies only Mahorais retained their personal status, as permitted by Article 75 of the Constitution. The law of 11 July 2001 on Mayotte maintains the existence of the civil status of local law and identifies opportunities to surrender to the civil status.

The scope of the civil status of local law are specified in the law program for Overseas (LOPOM) of 21 July 2003: the status and capacity of persons, matrimonial regimes, inheritance and gifts. The LOPOM prohibits polygamy (for young men of marriageable age on 1 January 2005) and repudiation of women, it establishes equal inheritance between men and women. In addition, the law on immigration and integration of 24 July 2006 only gives the registrar the celebration of civil marriage, whereas previously the marriage before the cadi in local law could be validated by law by the presence of a registrar.

Disputes arising from the application of local law are the responsibility of either the trial court or the activity of cadis (see box), which is under the control of the prosecution and likely by the Supreme Court of Mamoudzou.

Laurence de Susanne -

Matrilineal family

The woman has a key role in society Mahoran. It is central to the family, is responsible for managing the budget and education of children.
The matrilineal family is a system in which each lineage is the lineage of his mother. This means the transmission by inheritance, home, family names and titles from mother to daughter.

The "cadi" is the judge and the custodian of Islamic law. It settles property disputes and civil law. In Mayotte the cadi and the Grand Kadi - who heads the Supreme Court of Justice Muslim